Cervical Cancer is responsible for more than any gynecologic-related deaths worldwide than any other malady, making it the most important preventable disease in women's health today. Worldwide each year 4, 93,243 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer of whom 2,40,000 women die of this disease (WHO).
Nairobi contributes more than ¼ of the global burden. Each year about 1,32,082 cases of this cancer are diagnosed and more than 74,118 women die of this disease, this cancer being the most common cancer of women in the country. You can get more information about cervical cancer prevention via https://www.jacarandamaternity.co.ke/services/cervical-cancer/.
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Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection is now a well-established cause of cervical cancer. Human papillomavirus is a double-stranded DNA virus of the papovavirus family.
More than 100 types described; 30 infect anogenital tract. High risk types of 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59 and 68 are associated with neoplasia.
HPV 16 and 18 in 70% of these cancer cases worldwide and 45 and 31 with a further 10% of this cancer case. Low-risk types 6, 11, 42, 43, 44 associated with warts (condyloma) and do not cause cancer. Almost 100% of cancer cases of the cervix are associated with HPV, 90% cases of anal cancer, 40% cases each of vulva, and about 12% cases of oral cavity and pharynx are HPV related cancers.
Cervical Cancer ranks the first most frequent cancer among women between 15-44 years. According to the WHO/ICO information center on HPV and cervical cancer, Nairobi has a population of 365.71 million women ages 15 years and older who are at risk of developing cancer.